Master your Centre Line and the Half 10m Circle with Georgie Bennett

Master your Centre Line and the Half 10 Metre Circle with Georgie Bennett- Think ahead and prepare when turning up the centre line.

Schooling & Training – Master your Centre Line and the Half 10m Circle with Georgie Bennett

One of the first basic rules of training any horse, young or old, should be straightness. everything else can then follow.

Here Equerry Horse Feeds sponsored dressage rider Georgie Bennett, talks us through a few simple flatwork exercises.  Georgie explains how to turn up the centre line and the ride half 10m circle.

Turns up the Centre Line

Turns up the centre are not only an integral part of the dressage test but they also play a part in the schooling and warm up of the horse.

Initially the turns on to the centre line can be incorporated with your 10m half circles.  Make the turn smooth, and look to where you will be going to make sure that you are accurate.


It is important to be exact about the turn so not to over shoot the centre line.  The horse must then go absolutely straight up the centre line without wandering.

If the horse is pushed forwards between the rider’s hand and leg, he will be easier to steer and keep straight.

Keeping your horse in a good shape throughout is important
Keeping your horse in a good shape throughout is important

When entering the centre line off the bend, the rider has to execute a half-halt to sit the horse on his hocks prior to the turn and so balance him, and then ride strongly forward with an even contact on reaching the centre line.  In doing this, the rider creates enough push from behind to ensure straightness.

This exercise encourages the horse to work more from behind, which is the ultimate aim when schooling. 

These turns onto a straight line can also be practiced by turning right or left at ‘E’ or ‘B’.  With these turns there is not so much time to ensure that the horse is absolutely straight so the rider must be clear and positive with the aids.

When changing direction by this method, change the flexion at the poll over the centre line and do not allow the horse to swing his shoulders or hindquarters.

When you have practiced this several times you can add halts to your exercise.  It is often a good idea not to halt every time you proceed up the centre line as the horse will begin to anticipate the movement.

Half 10m Circles

By the time you work on 10m circles or half circles your horse should be working in a rhythm and balance on 20m circles.  The movements must be done without resistance or loss of balance or rhythm before the horse is ready to work on a small circle.

The smaller the circle, the greater the demand for the horse to carry himself on his hind legs and engage the hindquarters.  For this reason it is always better to work on 10m half circles before attempting a full circle.

It is important that the horse does not lose his rhythm, shape or show resistance; better that the circle is a little larger until the horse is physically able to work correctly on a small circle.

10m half circles can be performed anywhere in the school, but working from the centre line to the track ensures that the circle is not too big. However if you work from the boards to the centre line you have the option to then ride straight down the centre line or ride diagonally across back to the boards.

When you have practiced several half circles on their own you can progress to two half circles. This is best done at ‘E’ or ‘B’ making sure that you do several strides down the centre line over ‘X’, changing the diagonal and balancing the horse before the change of rein.

The aids and the principle of riding the half circle will be exactly the same as for a 20m circle.  However you will need to be more engaged with this slightly more complex movement.

After completing several of these movements you can than progress to full 10 and 15m circles.

You may also like Top tips for your very first dressage test and Tips on how to remember a dressage test

Don't forget to let your horse stretch after working.
Don’t forget to let your horse stretch after working.

The Equerry Range

The Equerry range of top-quality horse feeds contains something for every horse or pony, whether feeding a leisure horse or a competition horse, there is a product to meet their nutritional requirements. The range provides everything from High Fibre Cubes for horses and ponies at rest or in very light work to more conditioning options.

For more information contact Equerry Horse Feeds visit

For more training articles from Everything Horse, click here.

Related posts

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.